Stability bias

What is a stability bias?

Stability bias is the tendency to think and act as though our access to memories is unfailing. Although empirically it has been shown that we are prone to forgetting and could benefit from future learning iterations.[1][2]

Study conditions while learning and exterior influences while taking a test often influence our memory and what we are able to recall is much narrower than the breadth of our knowledge.


  1. Kornell, N., & Bjork, R. A. (2009). A stability bias in human memory: Overestimating remembering and underestimating learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 138(4), 449–468.
  2. Kornell, N. (2012). A Stability Bias in Human Memory. In: Seel, N.M. (eds) Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning. Springer, Boston, MA.

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